EMP is an nuclear electromagnetic pulse that bursts due to radiation caused by nuclear explosions. Different weapons have been developed to deliver the damaging effects of high energy EMP. These burst are invisible they occur naturally in nature during a lightning strike and hence cause electrical disruptions nearby. The risk associated with EMP attack include nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid.
Detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit are some of the factors that may cause electromagnetic bursts. Nuclear explosions do not happen at any time unless it is a terrorist attack. Solar flare mostly happen though it is harmless not unless it is in extreme. Computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others are some of the electronic devices that are prone to electromagnetic burst. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electricity is the most reliable source of energy as compared to other energy source it is used in every industry communication, security, food processing production and preservation in both commercial and domestic sector. There are various ways in which one should prepare for nuclear magnetic burst this is a time where there is blackout hence the electrical energy is not available hence repairing non electrical equipment is of importance starting with the cook the radio battery , iron box and others. To ensure smooth time during the blackout it is good to ensure that equipments made of a semiconductor are avoided as much as possible where one cannot do without them it is good to check the voltage levels to ensure that they are rated to maximum voltage and currents of about ten times. Use large ferrite beads on power wiring, provide battery backup power for essential equipments. Faraday bag is another good option that people can use this is a cage built and designed inorder to protect the equipments that stored inside it. Use of CB radios and walkie talkies to communicate. It is advisable to use ones own source of power by use of other energy sources like use of biogas and solar panels among others. Grow food crops to get a food supply source. It is advisable not to rely on food production industries to avoid running out of food.
Various measures should be put into place to avoid damage that is brought about by the electromagnetic burst such include shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground.